Reply by karthikbg January 23, 20072007-01-23
karthikbg wrote:
> Hi, > > I have an application whose DataMemory clashes with the DataMemory of > my Bootloader. > So, I have thought of shifting the Applications Datamemory mapping. > Now, i have rempped it. But, When my application starts, the the MMU > is disabled & The MMU is enabled inside the application only. So, there > > is a situation that my stack will be pointing to one location when the > MMU is disabled and will get pointed to another location when i enable > the MMU inside my application for my requirements. > > > So, i have thought of using 'load' and 'run' facilities in the CMD > file(Linker command file) . Now, as long as my application has not > enabled the MMU, it will be pointing to the physical area (Load area), > and as soon as my application enables the MMU, it will be pointing to > the virtual memory area(Run Area) . > > After the changes, i find that the application behaves abnormally. So, > i suspect > if the stack has some issues. > > Can i assign Stack area as 'load' and 'run' type in CMD > file(Linker command File) ? Will my application be able to retreive the > > proper values when it gets switched between the 'MMU Enabled' and 'MMU > Disabled' modes ? Any problems if i implement Stack in that manner ? > > > Thx in advans, > Karthik Balaguru
Hi, I got some special tricks for the Linker Scripts for a non-contiguous memory map in which i can distribute code or data among more than one memory area. MEMORY { PR_MEM1: origin = 0a000h, length = 0500h; PR_MEM2: origin = 0d000h, length = 0300h; } SECTIONS { .text_1: { test1.obj(.text), test2.obj(.text), test3.obj(.text) }
> PR_MEM1
.text_2: { test4.obj(.text), test5.obj(.text) } > PR_MEM2 } Another trick of splitting the output sections among multiple memory areas to automatically achieve an efficient allocation of the output section among several memory areas as below : SECTIONS { .text: { *(.text) } >> PR_MEM1 | PR_MEM2 } But, i have many other queries. Consider the below scenario. Application 'A' gets loaded first and starts running. After application 'A' starts to run, Application 'B' gets loaded and starts running. Consider that application 'A' has for following memory map Data_Mem -> 0x20001000 to 0x20006000 (Though so much is allocated, this application 'A' actually uses only upto 0x20002000 in runtime - This info, i collected from MAP file) ( Has the bss,stack,bss,data,idata ) Application 'B' has the following memory map. Data_Mem -> 0x20001000 to 0x20006000 (This uses only upto 0x20004000 in runtime).( Has the bss,stack,bss,data,idata ) Though both application A and Application B point to same memory area w.r.t Data_Mem, from the above it is clear that there is some memory area unused by application A that can be used by application B. How to tell the Application B to take the unused memory space of the Application A. ? Is there any feature for doing that in Linker Scripts ? If we allocate certain regions via Linker Scripts, is it not possible to allocate some part of that region to other module ? I thought 'Load' and 'Run' feature can be used. But, i find that they both allocate separate memory blocks and so result in wastage of usable area. In short, How to do Dynamic Memory Usage using Linker Script Programming ? Thx in advans, Karthik Balaguru
Reply by karthikbg January 22, 20072007-01-22
Hi,

I have an application whose DataMemory clashes with the DataMemory of
my Bootloader.
So, I have thought of shifting the Applications Datamemory mapping.
Now, i have rempped it.  But, When my application starts, the the MMU
is disabled & The MMU is enabled inside the application only. So, there

is a situation that my stack will be pointing to one location when the
MMU is disabled and will get pointed to another location when i enable
the MMU inside my application for my requirements.


So, i have thought of using 'load' and 'run' facilities in the CMD
file(Linker command file) . Now, as long as my application has not
enabled the MMU, it will be pointing to the physical area (Load area),
and as soon as my application enables the MMU, it will be pointing to
the virtual memory area(Run Area) .

After the changes, i find that the application behaves abnormally. So,
i suspect
if the stack has some issues.

Can i assign Stack area as 'load' and 'run' type in CMD
file(Linker command File) ? Will my application be able to retreive the

proper values when it gets switched between the 'MMU Enabled' and 'MMU
Disabled' modes ?    Any problems if i implement Stack in that manner ?


Thx in advans, 
Karthik Balaguru