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UART with GUI interface

Started by coding 1 month ago6 replieslatest reply 1 month ago90 views
I have a problem in developing an application. I want to develop an application such that it takes commands through gui and communicate with external devices through UART. So I made gui interface on turbo c++ and worked fine but when I tried to write code for UART,  bios can't access 6th COM port. If I write code for UART on modern editors with compilers like gcc, they don't support graphics.h for gui interface. So help me in sorting out. Thanks in advance.
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Reply by SpiderKennyOctober 20, 2020

I'm guessing Windows.

Any C/C++ Compiler should be able to access COM Ports, but after about COM4 the naming converntion channges to "\\.\COMx"

Here's some well used code of mine that access any COM port on Windows:

The CString is from MFC, but you can substitute the string behaviour for whatever is appropriate in your compiler.

openPort(int comPort, int baudRate)

{

CString str;

CString log;

COMMTIMEOUTS timeouts;

str.Format(L"\\\\.\\COM%d",comPort);

TRACE(L"Attempting to open %s\r",str);

//Call CreateFile to open the comms port

hPort = CreateFile(str, GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, NULL);

if (hPort == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)

{

log.Format(L"Failed to open the comms port, Error:%d\n", GetLastError());

return hPort;

}

//Get the current state prior to changing it

DCB dcb;

dcb.DCBlength = sizeof(DCB);

if (!GetCommState(hPort, &dcb))

{

TRACE(L"Failed to get DCB. Oops. Oh well.\r");

return hPort;

}

//Setup the baud rate

dcb.BaudRate = baudRate; 

dcb.Parity = NOPARITY;

dcb.ByteSize = 8;

dcb.StopBits = ONESTOPBIT; 

dcb.fDsrSensitivity = FALSE;

dcb.fOutxCtsFlow = FALSE;

dcb.fOutxDsrFlow = FALSE;

dcb.fOutX = FALSE;

dcb.fInX = FALSE;

//Now that we have all the settings in place, make the changes

SetCommState(hPort,&dcb);

GetCommTimeouts(hPort, &timeouts);

timeouts.ReadIntervalTimeout=50; // 50 ms timeout

timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = 50;

timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 1;

timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant = 50;

timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 10;

SetCommTimeouts(hPort, &timeouts);

return hPort;

}

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Reply by codingOctober 21, 2020

Thank you so much sir and yes OS is windows and I read on user manuals that as DOS is older, it can access only 4 COM port addresses.

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Reply by MDostalekOctober 20, 2020

If I understand you correctly, you want to connect to your device via UART (in your case a Virtual Comport) and you want to make a GUI on Windows to handle it. There are nice toolkits like GTK, QT, WxWindows that you could use, but it takes a bit practice to implement them. 


If you really want to use C++, I would suggest installing Visual Studio Community edition, there you have under C++ an option to create a CLR empty project and add a Windows form to it.

VS libraries are a bit… you will see, but it’s the easiest way to create a GUI for VCP, if you don’t have a lot of experience. The GUI design is simple drag and drop option and you get your actions and function prototypes automatically.

Michal

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Reply by codingOctober 21, 2020

Thanks for the reply sir but I am not allowed to use tool kits and I have to implement from the scratch.

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Reply by CustomSargeOctober 20, 2020

Howdy, you're not saying which OS or compiler. A DOS C++ has a short COM list. If C++ under Visual Studio, not a problem. I've got several BASIC under Visual Studio apps that control stuff through a serial port (usually via USB<->SIO). Frequently the USB converters are COM9 or higher.  G.H. <<<)))

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Reply by codingOctober 21, 2020

Thanks for the reply sir and I am using windows OS and DOS compiler